- Identify different types of grain, where they are grown and their main uses.
- Describe the steps used in processing wheat grain to flour.
- Explain the steps used in the production of bread from farm to fork, including food assurance schemes.
- The grain chain game presentation (types of grain, grown and uses)
- Samples: ear of wheat, grains, flour and bread.
- The Grain Chain presentation
- The Grain Chain worksheet
- The Grain Chain cards
- Wheat farming video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CrGHYs3QP-w)
- Wheat into flour video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wyhzKX97Vk)
- Bread making process video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kphmtNykXAU)
- Bread making (at school) (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ErmAS0oLY4)
- How many different types of grain can the pupils name? Quiz pupils on the names and uses of different grains. Use The Grain Game presentation to support – ask pupils to vote on the grains and suggest foods that are made from different grains. You may wish to arrange a display of different grains to be set out.
- Grains form part of a healthy, varied diet. Grains are in the starchy food group in The Eatwell Guide. What nutrients do grains provide? (Carbohydrate, fibre, vitamins and minerals.)
- Explore the ‘grain chain’ with the pupils. What steps to they think are involved? If possible, use props to engage pupils – look at an ear of wheat, focus on the grains. Where is the flour? How can the flour be extracted from the grains? How is the flour made into bread?
- Use The Grain Chain presentation to examine all the steps involved. Pupils can use the The Grain Chain worksheet to answer questions as you go through the presentation.
- Bring the ‘chain’ to life – use the three videos (see above) to show the grain chain in action.
- Ask pupils to place the the Grain Chain Cards into the correct order. Ask them to list different foods that could be made from the grain.
- Show the Bread making video (at school) so that pupils are reminded of the main stages involved.
- Make bread, scones or savoury muffins, demonstrating the versatility of flour. Check out the GrainChain website for recipes.
- Find out more about the Red Tractor logo. Collect packaging that displays the logo for products made from wheat.
Recap the learning by questioning the pupils:
- What are the main stages of the grain chain?
- Name three different grains. Wheat, oats and barley.
- What foods can be made with each of these grains?
- What is made from wheat?
- List the stages involved in making bread.
- Cook a variety of dishes using different cereals.
- Create a display showing the grain chain. Allocate different steps in the chain to small groups of pupils.
- Focus on the contribution made by grains to healthy eating.
Presentation with questions about the different types of grain and foods that can be made from them.
Exploring the stages of the grain chain from the farming of wheat through to the milling of flour.
A list of questions about the main stages in the grain chain and process to make flour.
A set of cards stating the different stages of the grain chain.
A presentation exploring barley farming and the process of malting barley.
A presentation exploring oat farming and processing.
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